Nejnavštěvovanější odborný portál pro stavebnictví a technická zařízení budov

Archiv článků od 19.6.2017 do 10.9.2018

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The OC FENIX office building as an nearly zero energy bilding (nZEB) a state-of-the-art technical solution

10.9.2018 | Ing. Miroslav Urban, Ph.D., Ing. Michal Bejček, Ing. Petr Wolf, Ing. Aleš Vodička, Univerzitní centrum energeticky efektivních budov, ČVUT v Praze
This article briefly introduces the overall concept of the OC FENIX building as a whole and at the same time clarifies the circumstances of meeting the energy performance requirements. This article will be followed by articles dedicated to the building's own operation.

Satisfaction assessment of residents of passive housing for senior citizens

27.8.2018 | prof. Ing. Josef Chybík, CSc., VUT Brno, Fakulta architektury
In residential buildings, the quality of the indoor environment can be verified by the satisfaction rates of the people who live in them. One of the forms that can provide the necessary information is a subjective assessment. This form of survey was carried out with residents of the passive apartment building for seniors in Modřice. There were 25 women and 12 men of an average age of 77 years participating in the survey. The survey proved that seniors were able and willing to accept the terms of passive houses.
1 comment, 27.08.2018 14:07

Innovative methods for serial energy retrofitting of residetinal buidlings – examples from the Netherlands

20.8.2018 | Ing. Antonín Lupíšek, Ph.D., ČVUT v Praze, pracoviště UCEEB
The paper describes actual trends in serial deep energy retrofitting of buildings in the Netherlands. A set of photographs presents several Dutch pilot projects of energy retrofitting of post-war family houses in Heerlen, Melick and Soersterberg to net zero energy level and of one multifamily residential building in Arnhem to nearly zero energy level. The retrofitting projects were made utilizing prefabricated thermal insulation wall modules with timber structural system (that included new windows) and prefabricated roof panels. All presented projects also featured replacement of energy sources and in case of the family houses also installations of photovoltaic systems replacing roof tiles.
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Current development of building integrated photovoltaic systems in façades

20.8.2018 | Ing. Jakub Čurpek, Centrum AdMaS, Fakulta stavební, Vysoké učení technické v Brně
Innovative technologies incorporated in building constructions are able to produce renewable energy. The submitted paper deals with the current status of photovoltaic (PV) integration in building facades by selected systems. The main emphasis is focused on the newest concepts and their current development, specifically of those in combination with other progressive materials and technologies.
1 comment, 21.08.2018 07:36
EPD Liptovská Kokava

Straw in contemporary architecture

6.8.2018 | Ing. arch. Miroslav Ščudla, Ph.D., ČVUT v Praze, Fakulta architektury, Ústav navrhování II.
In contemporary architecture, straw is used marginally, mostly in do-it-yourself construction. Although the convenient qualities of straw have long been known, it has not gained the trust of builders and designers. Construction companies have not learned to work with straw on a regular basis. In the scope of green technologies, an opportunity is emerging to use straw in professional building systems suitable for sustainable architecture. If we want to apply it in our architectural designs, we have several possibilities. The common small straw bales are suitable for many ways of structure and do-it-yourself process. This way of building process can be interrupt by logistic problems or weather disaster. Contemporary building market offers professional products made of straw: universal strongly pressed boards or system of modular units for external walls. All these ways of application are able to gain the high building quality. The innovative straw technologies enable to design and erect the energy passive house with considerable percentage of straw in constructions. Although the advantages of straw are indisputable, the next success of straw building materials depends on the interest of architects and builders.

Fire Test of a Straw Bales Covered with Clay and Lime Plaster

9.7.2018 | Ing. arch. Petr Hejtmánek, Ing. Hana Najmanová, Katedra konstrukcí pozemních staveb, Fakulta stavební ČVUT v Praze, Ing. Tomáš Váchal, ČVUT v Praze, Fakulta stavební
The article describes full-scale fire experiment of a single-storey object made of straw bales covered with clay and lime plaster. Motivation, course and results are shown, particularly focused on global fire behaviour in fire of such construction as well as its contribution to separation distances.

New Administrative Centre of Lesy České republiky

25.6.2018 | prof. Ing. Josef Chybík, CSc., VUT Brno, Fakulta architektury
It is expected that the new administrative centre of Lesy České republiky would be an exemplary demonstration of the use of wood, which will be used in the form of the building material or in which the importance of wood will be emphasized in another appropriate way. The paper is focused on a proposal that won the international architectural competition in 2016.

Environmental benefits of using recycled wood to produce agglomerated materials (Part 3)

21.5.2018 | doc. Ing. Milan Gaff, Ph.D., Ing. Kamil Trgala, Ph.D., Ing. Tereza Adamová, Česká zemědělská univerzita v Praze (ČZU), Fakulta lesnická a dřevařská, katedra dřevěných výrobků a konstrukcí
Wood and the materials on its basis fulfil the requirements of an ever-evolving and accelerating society. In addition to naturally grown wood, wood-based materials are frequently used as a basic material for production of furniture and for building constructions as well. Looking at changes in waste management, a significant shift from the waste to the circular economy can be observed. The valuable raw materials are kept in the production cycle instead of landfilling or burning. Wood and wooden products can be efficiently separated in waste management, reused and recycled. The so-called wood waste – old furniture, wooden pallets, window and door frames, demolition wood, used lumber, bark and other wood residues can be reused in particleboard production. Particle board manufacturers in the Czech Republic have adopted progressive waste management and currently use 60% of recycled wood into particle boards. A completed life cycle analysis (LCA) of OSB demonstrates that replacing of 50% of natural fibres with recycled wood has significant environmental benefits. The objective is to push furthermore on effective legislation to promote waste material utilization and thus lead to a more sophisticated waste wood collecting.

Environmental benefits of using recycled wood to produce agglomerated materials (Part 2)

14.5.2018 | doc. Ing. Milan Gaff, Ph.D., Ing. Kamil Trgala, Ph.D., Ing. Tereza Adamová, Česká zemědělská univerzita v Praze (ČZU), Fakulta lesnická a dřevařská, katedra dřevěných výrobků a konstrukcí
Wood and the materials on its basis fulfil the requirements of an ever-evolving and accelerating society. In addition to naturally grown wood, wood-based materials are frequently used as a basic material for production of furniture and for building constructions as well. Looking at changes in waste management, a significant shift from the waste to the circular economy can be observed. The valuable raw materials are kept in the production cycle instead of landfilling or burning. Wood and wooden products can be efficiently separated in waste management, reused and recycled. The so-called wood waste – old furniture, wooden pallets, window and door frames, demolition wood, used lumber, bark and other wood residues can be reused in particleboard production. Particle board manufacturers in the Czech Republic have adopted progressive waste management and currently use 60% of recycled wood into particle boards. A completed life cycle analysis (LCA) of OSB demonstrates that replacing of 50% of natural fibres with recycled wood has significant environmental benefits. The objective is to push furthermore on effective legislation to promote waste material utilization and thus lead to a more sophisticated waste wood collecting.

Environmental benefits of using recycled wood to produce agglomerated materials (Part 1)

7.5.2018 | doc. Ing. Milan Gaff, Ph.D., Ing. Kamil Trgala, Ph.D., Ing. Tereza Adamová, Česká zemědělská univerzita v Praze, Fakulta lesnická a dřevařská
Wood and the materials on its basis fulfil the requirements of an ever-evolving and accelerating society. In addition to naturally grown wood, wood-based materials are frequently used as a basic material for production of furniture and for building constructions as well. Looking at changes in waste management, a significant shift from the waste to the circular economy can be observed. The valuable raw materials are kept in the production cycle instead of landfilling or burning. Wood and wooden products can be efficiently separated in waste management, reused and recycled. The so-called wood waste – old furniture, wooden pallets, window and door frames, demolition wood, used lumber, bark and other wood residues can be reused in particleboard production. Particle board manufacturers in the Czech Republic have adopted progressive waste management and currently use 60% of recycled wood into particle boards. A completed life cycle analysis (LCA) of OSB demonstrates that replacing of 50% of natural fibres with recycled wood has significant environmental benefits. The objective is to push furthermore on effective legislation to promote waste material utilization and thus lead to a more sophisticated waste wood collecting.

Roof Windows for Passive Buildings

7.5.2018 | prof. Ing. Jan Tywoniak, CSc., ČVUT Praha, pracoviště UCEEB
The paper presents the building-physical context of the use of roof windows in buildings with very low energy demand. It shows their relatively significant influence on the total heat loss of a single family house and the consequence of the specific disadvantageous set-up in the pitched roof. It is shown that the thermal transmittance should not exceed 0.7 W/(m2K) with a strict limitation of thermal coupling in the connection to the roof. In the second part, the paper shows the positive effect of the slanting of the inner lining on the quality of day lighting.

Solar water heating on the Czech market

30.4.2018 | Bc. Jakub Venzara, ČVUT v Praze, Fakulta strojní, doc. Ing. Tomáš Matuška, Ph.D., Univerzitní centrum energeticky efektivních budov, ČVUT v Praze
The authors describe the economic and technical connections related to the use of thermal solar water heating systems on the Czech market. This includes investment costs, grant titles, operating options, and an estimated lifetime that is roughly twice as high as the economic return.
7 comments, last 03.05.2018 10:31

CO2 emissions and their impact on the assessment of sources in buildings

19.3.2018 | Ing. Jiří Novotný, Fakulta strojní, ČVUT v Praze, doc. Ing. Tomáš Matuška, Ph.D., Univerzitní centrum energeticky efektivních budov, ČVUT v Praze
One of the most well-known and most important greenhouse gases is carbon dioxide (CO2), which arises from natural processes, but the burning of carbonaceous fuels, especially fossil fuels, contributes significantly in the last century. This text focuses on CO2 emissions associated with energy transformations for the supply of energy to buildings.
4 comments, last 18.06.2018 14:08

Heat Sources for Buildings with Total Zero Energy Needs

5.3.2018 | prof. Ing. Dušan Petráš, PhD.
The author analyzes the conditions that create the criteria for heat sources to meet the requirements for buildings with almost zero energy consumption NZEB.
2 comments, last 05.03.2018 12:14

What requirements have to be met by a family house electrically heated a and what impact should a change in the primary energy conversion factor?

29.1.2018 | prof. Ing. Karel Kabele, CSc., ČVUT v Praze, Univerzitní centrum energeticky efektivních budovtavební, katedra TZB, Ing. Miroslav Urban, Ph.D., ČVUT v Praze, Univerzitní centrum energeticky efektivních budovVUT v Praze, Fakulta stavební, katedra TZB
Family houses with the concept of electric heating by means of an electric boiler or electric direct heating system and the preparation of hot water in an electrically heated tank do not meet the requirement for the energy performance of buildings. The authors analyze the magnitude of the conversion factor and other parameters that would meet ENB requirements.

Phase measurement represents a problem for small prosumers. How to prevent it?

29.1.2018 | Ing. Jaroslav Šuvarský, S-POWER s.r.o.
Phase measurement complicates using of solar energy to small prosumers and companies. A solar power plant can save a large part of the electricity expenses, but the system needs to be carefully planned.
36 comments, last 03.03.2018 00:10
Luka Living

Luka Living – the experience of an apartment building optimization

9.10.2017 | Ing. Michal Čejka, PORSENNA o.p.s.
The article deals with the process of energy optimization of a unique rental housing complex to a high energy standard. It analyzes the identified problems of the initial energy baseline of the building, which should be declared to meet the requirements for a high energy standard. It analyzes and substantiates each step of the process from an energy specialist‘s and an investor’s point of view.
1 comment, 29.10.2017 15:24

Case study of heating savings due to glazing with increased solar factor

11.9.2017 | prof. Ing. Ivan Chmúrny, Ph.D., Stavebná fakulta STU Bratislava, Katedra konštrukcií pozemných stavieb
Case study of the energy need for heating of a family house depending on the thermal and optical properties of windows with triple glazing and the quantification of heat demand for heating.

What costs does a zero energy house have?

14.8.2017 | doc. Ing. Tomáš Matuška, Ph.D., Univerzitní centrum energeticky efektivních budov, ČVUT v Praze, Ing. Vilém Ťopek, Fakulta strojní, ČVUT v Praze
The article deals with the analysis of a possible solution of a non-energy residential building. The analysis shows what energy sources help to achieve a zero balance of non-renewable primary energy and what is not. In the contribution, the investment solution and the real operating costs of the energy-zero residential building compared to the current solution are shown for the selected solution and a simple payback period is set.
Administrativní budova Tamedia v Curychu

Technical Normalisation and Multi-Storey Timber Buildings

19.6.2017 | doc. Ing. Petr Kuklík, CSc., Ing. Lukáš Velebil, ČVUT v Praze, UCEEB, Ing. arch. Bc. Anna Gregorová, ČVUT v Praze
At present, there is growing interest in the realization of multi-storey wooden buildings. In the case of multi-storey wooden buildings, their safety, stiffness and acoustics are of key importance. The submitted paper focuses on the issue of fire safety of multi-storey wooden buildings, which is currently the subject of major discussions.
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